Note Taking Activity and its assessment in a Blended Learning Environment

  • Minoru Nakayama
  • Kouichi Mutsuura
  • Hiroh Yamamoto

Abstract

"Note-taking" is a popular skill for all types of learning activities. In recent years, the online educational environment has began spreading rapidly at institutes of higher educational, obviating the need for printed materials or written notes. This means that students’ ability to take notes may decline and this may influence the success of their learning.  In order to examine this phenomenon, students' notes were surveyed during a blended learning course in a bachelor level program at a Japanese university. The course consisted of an online test system and face-to-face lectures using ICT equipment. Participant's learning performance was measured using online tests, written essays and a final exam, in addition to the assessment of their notes.  The contributions of note-taking activities were measured using statistical tests. As individual note-taking performance may be based on student's characteristics, these contributions were also examined. In the analysis, metrics of participant's characteristics such as personality, information literacy and learning experience were surveyed. Additionally, lexical features of notes taken were extracted using a text analysis technique, and these features were compared with the grades given. Conceptual mapping of the contents of notes was conducted, and the behaviour of good note-takers is discussed using the extracted results.  

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Cronbach, L. J., Sonw, R. E.: Aptitudes and Instructional Methods, Irvington Publishers, Inc., New York, USA (1990).
2. Deerwester, S., Dumais, S.T., Furnas, G.W., Landauer, T.K., Harshman, R.: Indexing by Latent Semantic Analysis, Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 41(6), 391-407 (1990).
3. Fujii, Y.: Development of a Scale to Evaluate the Information Literacy Level of Young People "Comparison of Junior High School Students in Japan and Northern Europe", Japan Journal of Educational Technology, 30(4), 387-395 (2007).
4. Goldberg, L.R.: A Broad-Bandwidth, Public Domain, Personality Inventory Measuring the Lower-Level Facets of Several Five-Factor Models. In: Mervielde, I., Deary, I., De Fruyt, F., Ostendorf, F. (Eds.) Personality Psychology in Europe, 7, pp. 7-28, Tilburg University Press (1999).
5. International Personality Item Pool (IPIP), A Scientific Collaboratory for the Development of Advanced Measures of Personality Traits and Other Individual Differences, http://ipip.ori.org
6. Kiewra, K.A.: Students' Note-Taking Behaviors and the Efficacy of Providing the Instruc-tor's Notes for Review, Contemporary Educational Psychology, 10, 378-386 (1985).
7. Kiewra K.A.: A Review of Note-Taking: The Encoding-Storage Paradigm and Beyond, Educational Psychology Review, 1(2), 147-172 (1989).
8. Kiewra, K.A., Benton, S.L, Kim, S., Risch, N., Christensen, M.: Effects of Note-Taking Format and Study Technique on Recall and Relational Performance, Contemporary Educa-tional Psychology, 20, 172-187 (1995).
9. Lugmayr, A.: “Managing Creativeness in a Research Laboratory - Lessons Learned from Establishing NAMU Lab./EMMi Lab.,” in 25th Beld eConference: eDependability: Reliable and Trustworthy eStructures, eProcesses, eOperations and eServices for the Future, 2012.
10. Lugmayr, A., Stockleben, B., Zou, Y., Anzenhofer, S., Jalonen, M.: Applying "Design Thinking" in the context of media management education, Multimedia Tools and Applica-tions, 71, 119-157 (2014).
11. Mayer, R.E., Moreno, R., Boire, M., Vagge, S.: Maximizing Constructivist Learning From Multimedia Communications by Minizimizing Cognitive Load, Journal of Edcational Psy-chology, 91(4), 638-643 (1990).
12. MeCab: Yet Another Part-of-Speech and Morphological Analyzer, http://mecab.sourceforge.net
13. Nakayama, M., Santiago, R. : Two Category of E-Learning in Japan, ETR&D, 53(2), pp.100-111 (2004)
14. Nakayama, M., Yamamoto, H., Santiago, R.: The Impact of Learner Characteristics on Learning Performance in Hybrid Courses among Japanese Students, The Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 5(3), 195-206 (2007).
15. Nakayama, M., Yamamoto, H., Santiago, R.: Impact of Information Literacy and Learner Characteristics on Learning Behavior of Japanese Students in On line Courses, Internation-al Journal of Case Method Research & Application, XX(4), 403-415 (2008).
16. Nakayama, M., Kanazawa, H., Yamamoto, H. : Detecting Incomplete Learners in a Blend-ed Learning Environment among Japanese University Students, International Journal of Emerging Technology in Learning, 4(1), pp.47-51 (2009)
17. Nakayama, M., Mutsuura, K., Yamamoto, H.: Effectiveness of Note Taking Activity in a Blended Learning Environment. In: 9th European Conference of E-Learning, pp. 387-393. Academic Publishing, Reading, UK (2010).
18. Nakayama, M., Yamamoto, H., Santiago, R.: Online Learning Management and Learners’ Behavior: A Case Study of Online Learning in Japan, In Lazarinis et al. Ed., Developing and Utilizing E-Learning Applications, Information Science Reference, Hershey, USA (2011)
19. Nakayama, M., Mutsuura, K., Yamamoto, H.: Evaluation of Student’s Notes in a Blended Learning Course, International Journal of New Computer Architectures and their Applica-tions, 1(4), pp. 1080-1089 (2011).
20. Nakayama, M., Santiago, R. : Learner Characteristics and Online Learning, In Seel Ed., Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Lerning, Springer+Business Media (2012)
21. Nakayama, M., Mutsuura, K., Yamamoto, H.: Relationship between Feature of Note-taking Contents and Test Scores in a Blended Learning Environment, Japan Journal of Education-al Technology, 36(Supplement), pp. 21-24 (2012a).
22. Nakayama, M., Mutsuura, K., Yamamoto. H.: Causal Analysis of Student's Characteristics of Note-taking Activities and Learning Performance during a Fully Online Course, Proc. of 2012 IEEE 11th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications, pp. 1924-1929 (2012b).
23. Nakayama, M., Fueki, M., Seki, S., Uehara, T., Matsumoto. K.: A Human Resource Devel-opment Program for Information Technology Engineers using Project-Based Learning, In-ternational Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, 5(4), pp.9-15, (2012c).
20. Nakayama, M., Mutsuura, K., Yamamoto, H.: Effectiveness of Note-taking Skills and Studnet’s characteristics on Learning Performance in Online Course, Proc. of 4th IEETeL (2013a)
21. Nakayama, M., Mutsuura, K., Yamamoto. H.: Effectiveness of Note-taking Content Fea-tures on Test Scores in Online Course, Proc. of 2013 17th International Conference on In-formation Visualisation, pp. 451-456 (2013b).
22. Nakayama, M., Mutsuura, K., Yamamoto. H.: Effectiveness of Instructional Suggestions for Note-taking Skills in a Blended Learning Environment, Proc. of European Conference on E-Lerning 2013, pp. 333-339 (2013c).
23. Nakayama, M., Mutsuura, K., Yamamoto. H.: The prediction of learning performance using features of note-taking activities, Proc. of ESANN2015, 325-330 (2015).
24. Nakayama, M., Mutsuura, K., Yamamoto. H.: Lexical Analysis of Student's Learning Ac-tivities during the Giving of Instructions for Note-Taking in a Blended Learning Environ-ment, 5th International Conference on Distance Learning and Education, International Journal of Information and Education Technology, IACSIT PRESS, 6(1) pp.1-6 (2016).
25. Nye, P.A., Crooks, T.J., Powley, M., Tripp, G.: Student note-taking related to university examination performance, Higher Education, 13, 85-97 (1984).
26. Pilot, A., Olive, T., Kellogg, R.T.: Cognitive Effort during Note Taking, Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 291-312 (2005).
27. Rowe, P.G.: Design Thinking, the MIT press, MA, US. 1987.
28. Trafton, G.J., Trickett, S.B: Note-Taking for Self-Explanation and Problem Solving, Hu-man-Computer Interaction, 16, 1-38 (2001).
29. Tynajä, P.: Towards expert knowledge? A comparison between a constructivist and a tradi-tional learning environment in the university, International Journal of Educational Re-search, 31, 357-442 (1999).
30. Ueno, M. : Online Outlier Detection for e-Learning Time Data, The IEICE Trans. on In-formation and Systems, vol. J90-D, pp.40-51 (2007)
31. Weener, P.: Note taking and student verbalization as instrumental learning activities, In-structional Science, 3, 51-74 (1974).
Published
2017-12-15
How to Cite
NAKAYAMA, Minoru; MUTSUURA, Kouichi; YAMAMOTO, Hiroh. Note Taking Activity and its assessment in a Blended Learning Environment. International SERIES on Information Systems and Management in Creative eMedia (CreMedia), [S.l.], n. 2017/1, p. 175-192, dec. 2017. ISSN 2341-5576. Available at: <http://www.ambientmediaassociation.org/Journal/index.php/series/article/view/263>. Date accessed: 17 oct. 2019.
Share |